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As design principal, Fulton Gale has designed and/or managed the following projects:

Oregon Coast Aquarium

Newport Oregon

This $40 million facility contains more than 1.5 million gallons of both fresh and sea water pumped 1/3 of a mile from Yaquina Bay. Fulton GaleArchitects were the Aquarium Designers within a design team led by SRG of Portland, Oregon. On an estuary just south of Yaquina Bay adjacent to Oregon State University's Hatfield Marine Science Center, this facility covers nearly 23 acres. The aquarium's first phase opened in the spring of 1992. The project was designed for fifty-one full time employees and six part time, with a contingent of 50 volunteers to assist the 450,000 visitors each year.


The 70,000 gsf of exterior exhibits make this aquarium unique to the Oregon Coast. In addition to a 36,000 gsf building, the basic aquarium facility has submarine and surface viewing areas constructed to resemble a naturalistic environment with a minimum of obviously man-made intrusions. Exterior exhibits include the largest sea bird aviary in North America. Constructed rock formations, located throughout the exterior exhibits, appear to be homogeneous geologic formations. Rock strata reaching 40' heights was constructed using specially placed concrete-gunite to affect the appearance of erosion by ocean waves, as if the sea exhibits were the natural shoreline. On site parking for 300 vehicles also has been provided.

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Maritime Heritage Center
Bellingham, Washington

This conversion of a defunct city wastewater treatment plant into a park and fish return station for public viewing was completed in 1982 for $933,000. Shown in Sunset Magazine as "Architecture in Water", flowing through fish ladders and demonstration spawning beds, this project gave an active urban focus to this once abandoned part of Bellingham. Fulton Gale was the principal architect.

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Hawaiian Islands Aquarium


Honolulu, Hawaii

Fulton Gale was principal in charge of a conceptual design for an expanded Hawaiian Island Aquarium. The study resulted in a $10,000,000 state appropriation for the construction work. Special care was required by the design team since the aquarium project fell within the historic Kapoliani Park grounds.

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National Aquaculture Center, Model Homestead Farms Ministry of Agriculture
Arab Republic of Egypt
Fulton Gale: Principal Architect

Our team provided planning, design and construction administration for this Center, built in 1983 on 1,500 acres of low-lying land in the Nile Delta. The project, focal point of a total aquaculture program, has been planned using native materials and construction techniques to maximize the center's function. The main complex near El Abbasa, consists of approximately 228 acres of space for administrative offices, including conference and lecture rooms and an auditorium; large research laboratories for nutrition, pathology, genetics and water chemistry analysis; a hatchery designed to produce 15 million carp and tilapia fry annually; two mullet fry collecting stations on the coast; a local fish market to distribute the mullet, carp and tilapia; and a associated experimental and demonstration system of over 50 ponds of varying sizes for research, production and training. A complex for 80 model fish farms of 15 acres each is for farmer training programs was also included. The experimental wet laboratories and production hatcheries are integrated with the main building, as well as feed production and storage facilities, a fish processing plant and extensive workshops. An additional 1300 acres is set aside for a model homestead and a small village providing accommodation for the farmers and their families.

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Guam Aquarium
Agana, Guam
Fulton Gale: Principal Architect

As envisioned in the study, this facility combines features of zoos, aviaries, botanical gardens and traditional aquariums. It will consist of a number of small, interconnected pavilions displaying changeable exhibits.

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The Alaska Aquarium
Juneau, Alaska
Fulton Gale: Principal Architect

The programming was accomplished through a workshop approach, the first of which identified the following: The mission of the Alaska Aquarium is to display and interpret Alaskan aquatic life, ecosystems and related heritage in an educational and interesting manner in order to foster public understanding and wise resource utilization.- Goals and objectives in each area of the aquarium design and operation were identified, and policy statements developed alternative aquarium theme storylines were developed and synthesized during a second weekend workshop into a single storyline and a design concept.

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King County Aquatics Center 1990 Goodwill Games Pool


Federal Way, Washington

Fulton Gale Architects were the Designers of Record for this pool. The design team: TRA with associated architects Fulton Gale Architects and Browning Day Mullins and Dierdorf began design on the 90,000 sf facility in May 1988. Construction began in October 1988 and was completed in April 1990. The program called for 1.5 million gallons of treated water to be held in a 50 meter, 8 lane, 9 foot deep competition pool; a 75 foot x 58 foot x 17 foot deep diving tank with spring boards, up to 10 meter high concrete diving platforms; a recreation pool 75 feet x 42 feet varying from zero depth to a 5 foot depth, and permanent seating for 2,424 spectators on concourse level. All the latest available technology was included in the design with a special emphasis on accommodating the athletes, the disabled spectators and the electronic media.


By the end of the Games swimming competition nine new records had been established: one world record, two U.S., three Soviet, two Spanish and one East German. As American David Wharton, who tied with East German Patrick Kuehl for the gold medal in the 400 individual medley said, "The Pool is fast!"

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The Seattle Aquarium


Seattle, Washington

Constructed in 1977, Fulton Gale was project manager for the Design Team led by KCM, Inc. In this capacity he worked directly with Mr. Doug Kemper, first director of the Seattle Aquarium, programming and designing the exhibits through construction of the entire facility. Constructed in today's dollars the cost would exceed $15 million. The City is now planning a $130 million dollar expansion to this facility in the near future.

Our design team assisted with programming for the site, the building and the exhibitry; then led design in all areas through final construction of this facility that Dr. M. A. Newman, then director of the Vancouver B.C. Aquarium, claimed to be, "the most innovative aquarium in this country."

Seattle Post Intelligencer noted that The Aquarium, "brought together men and sea life – a symbiotic relationship," and praised its exhibits as "educational but fun!"

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California Shark Center and Aquarium


Ventura, California

Construction of this 63,000 sf shark research laboratory and public viewing aquarium will cost approximately $60,000,000. FultonGaleArchitects designed this building in response to its ocean/harbor location. Using cold, ambient and warm salt water habitats, many of the 350 types of sharks will be viewed and studied. A working 90 foot crane for transferring animals provides an exterior visual focus. Multi-dimensional interior viewing is provided by ramping and films allowing nearly 4,000 visitors each day through this internationally unique water-related structure.

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San Diego Aquarium
San Diego, California
Fulton Gale: Principal Architect

This aquarium was to be located on the San Diego waterfront, and was proposed as a civic education and entertainment facility. The completed feasibility study focused on site selection and projected economics. Further studies analyzed the role of Scripps Institute of Oceanography as the main tenant for the building with the owner establishing a major underwater restaurant as a part of the operation. The Port of San Diego and the Shoreline Management Commission were involved in beginning concepts.

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Kaohsiung Aquarium
Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Fulton Gale: Principal Architect

Mission Statement: "Bring the people of Kaohsiung down to the Sea."

Working and living near the proposed site in Chi-Tzu-wan park, our work for the first phase included developing a design program, major design concepts, an exhibit storyline and construction cost estimates.

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Marine Shrimp Hatchery
Tianjin, China
Fulton Gale: Principal Architect

The facilities included broodstock holding ponds, a hatchery and its auxiliary services, juvenile nursery ponds, and grow-out ponds varying in size from two to twelve acres. Other structures included a sea wall, pump house, filtering units, and sedimentation ponds for the 100 ton pilot operation, together with a processing plant, laboratories and housing for staff. All to raise the Chinese Shrimp, Penaeus orientalis. Constructed in 1982.

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Portland International Aquarium
Portland, Oregon

Fulton Gale was a member of a concept team that consisted of Tom Otten, Director of Point Defiance Zoo and Aquarium, Tacoma, Gene Leo, past Director of Washington Park Zoo, Portland, Dr. Murray Newman, past Director of the Vancouver B.C. Aquarium and David Powell, Director of Live Exhibits at Monterey Bay Aquarium. The concept team was charged with developing a detailed program and aquarium concept for a world class downtown public viewing aquarium on the Willamette River. The facility, if built, will be approximately 127,000 sf and will cost about $100 million.

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Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
Noas Island, Panama Canal Zone
Fulton Gale: Principal-In-Charge

In cooperation with the Smithsonian Institute staff in Washington D.C., and scientific and technical staff of the tropical Research Institute in Panama, our team designed and improved marine research laboratory and expanded seawater system on Noas Island. The water systems were subjected to intense filtration before and after use with heavy sterilization using ultra-violet light units before discharge. In addition, the design requirements for the facility included low maintenance, reliability, and flexibility so that expansion or modifications could easily be accommodated.

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Great Lakes Salmon Hatchery


Altmar, New York
New York Department of Environmental Conservation

As Principal-in-Charge, Fulton Gale designed this facility using a variety of remote water sources and accommodated eighteen foot snow drifts in up-state New York. A low angled architectural solution blended public viewing aquaria and auditorium space with wet and dry laboratories, fish marking, transferring, rearing and spawning activities while still providing for distinct internal operational territories. This 45,000 sf facility was built in 1981 for $12,500,000.

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Manchester Fisheries Laboratory
Clam Bay, Washington
University of Washington/National Marine Fisheries Service/NOAA
Fulton Gale: Principal Architect

Programming and Design documents were completed in 1982 for this 76,000 SF multi-species marine research building that would have allowed researchers and scientists from different agencies to pursue their individual studies and also cooperate in broad regional programs requiring interdisciplinary scientific and technical knowledge. Integrated water systems, fitted with pre- and post-treatment services, would have delived 5,000 gpm of high quality sea water and 500 gpm of fresh water to the building.

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James M. Waddel, Jr. Mariculture Research and Development Center

Charleston, South Carolina
Wildlife and Marine Resources Department, State of South Carolina.
Fulton Gale: Principal-In-Charge

The main feature of the central building, built in 1983, consists of an environmental controlled wet laboratory for the concurrent culture and holding of finfish and shellfish species. The species are to be cultured, include marine and freshwater crustaceans, bass and catfish.

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NOTE:
Much of the technology (life support, water treatment, coating systems, structural systems, moveable bulkheads, traveling screens, water distribution etc.) used in world class competition swimming pools today was developed in the hatchery, wastewater treatment plant and aquarium facilities. Barrier free issues for public use in and around water, wet and dry traffic zoning, life safety, humidity control and construction costs are similar in all four building types that comprise our special architectural emphasis.

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